The Protein Man's Blog | A Discussion of Protein Research

SILAC: A General Workflow for Improved Mass Spectrometry

Posted by The Protein Man on Apr 13, 2018 2:09:36 PM

This is a follow up blog to SILAC for Improved Mass Spectrometry & Quantitative Proteomics

SILAC (Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino Acids in Cell Culture) method of working is differentiated into two critical phases: an adaptation phase and an experimental phase. Before initiating the adaptation phase, it is crucial to characterize the cell type to be used for the labeling. In general, dialyzed serum is used to rear the cells in order to negate the availability of free amino acids present in the normal serum. Although, some cell lines do not grow that well in a dialyzed medium due to the absence of some of the growth factors, therefore, supplementation of purified growth factors with the dialyzed media or small percentage of normal serum in the dialyzed media may be helpful. 

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Topics: Mass Spectrometry

SILAC for Improved Mass Spectrometry & Quantitative Proteomics

Posted by The Protein Man on Apr 13, 2018 2:07:53 PM

SILAC (Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino Acids in Cell Culture)

Quantitative proteomics has been a cutting-edge and demanding field in biological research for the past few decades. With the advancement of technology, MS (Mass spectrometry) based methods have become strikingly helpful tools, which utilize the mass-to-charge ratio of the fragmented compound in proportion with its ionic abundance. MS provides the result as a plot of ionic abundance of a compound versus its mass-to-charge ratio, which subsequently provides information about the nature, possible structure and properties of the compound. This compound could be any protein, posttranslational modification, bioactive molecules etc. The MS responses of proteolytic peptides may discreetly vary owing to their non-uniform physicochemical properties for example, hydrophobicity, dipole moment, size, charge, mass etc. Hence it becomes a strenuous exercise to accurately quantify the changes in the relative abundance of a biomolecule between different test samples in the same MS analysis.  To solve this pitfall, a new modification has been introduced in the general MS protocol known as SILAC (Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino Acids in Cell Culture), which allows insertion of stable isotopes of amino acids into the proteins or peptides. SILAC enables relative and comparable quantification of these molecules from different test samples in the same MS run, which eventually minimize the false variability of the results arising from sample injection and ion suppression contributed by MS instruments in different runs.

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Topics: Mass Spectrometry

Key Differences of H&E and Special Stains for Immunohistochemistry

Posted by The Protein Man on Mar 28, 2018 9:51:35 AM

Routine H&E (Haemotoxylin and Eosin stains) and special staining comes especially handy when examining tissue structure and cell types and/or when looking for the presence of certain microorganisms in a sample. While both stains are used in histopathology laboratories, H&E stain is more commonly used by pathologists and researchers for investigating underlying cellular and tissue structures.

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